Wednesday, August 26, 2020

Love Essay Research Paper Love is a free essay sample

Love Essay, Research Paper Love is a philosophical goodness that empowers us to create caring associations with God and others. With adoration comes sex, which is the status of holding a sexual orientation and partner to others as a result of that sex. Love and sexual orientation as often as possible go manus and manus however when individuals manage these variables there are rules with the goal that individuals do non abuse two awesome blessings that God has given us. To populate a virtuous life is non ever basic and simple. There are social difficulties that influence us and do it difficult for us to do the correct conclusions. These difficulties test us and can do us more grounded individuals. To begin with, sex, which is the most private act between a grown-up male and a grown-up female in marriage, is now and then utilized as a way to acquire cash and force. On occasion individuals # 8217 ; s lives become like dramas on account of their insatiability and the low regard they have for encouraging affection. We will compose a custom article test on Love Essay Research Paper Love is a or on the other hand any comparable point explicitly for you Don't WasteYour Time Recruit WRITER Just 13.90/page Additionally, sex is as often as possible the snare or catch for an advertizement. It sells fragrance, furniture, automobiles, gum, clothes, supplement, and whatever else possible. It turns into the ground to see a film or humorist. Second, in our human advancement love is utilized to delineate an inclination for some things. This makes it hard for a person to be sure that they genuinely love an individual, or that the other individual really adores them. Also, in the end, in our human progress turning up as a youngster the Catholic confidence, the names of sex being grimy or unjust every now and again paint the mistaken picture of a totally typical ; adumbrate act that God Himself made. At that point, an individual considers the to be of chastity as just another guideline to slow down. Another defiant demonstration has no centrality dependent on the main inclination they were given about sex. Society is another impediment to show signs of improvement of when an individual is looking to populate a pure life. Initially, for individuals of any age peer power per unit zone is a power to think with. The power per unit zone on every one of us to fit in with the models of others can be incredible. The purpose of equivalent power per unit zone is to do an individual vibe that they are non acknowledged except if they do what others are making. With regards to holding, sex consolation and constraining from outsiders make things harder. Second, society gives us a spread to screen ourselves with, which sounds great however is genuinely a lie. It is the equivocation of independence. The individual SA Y they are making what they are making non in light of individual else but since they need to make it. However, individuals state this so much of the time that it is genuinely a whipping kid for conformance. What's more, third, the recognizable expression â€Å"everybody’s making it † is another plausible excuse, by and by, in world, non everybody is making it in the principal topographic point and that’s them, and non you. Christian love incorporates three characteristics ; one of them is obligation. Obligation implies having the option to answer for one # 8217 ; s conduct and obligations and having the option to take for oneself among right and inaccurate. As Christians, we accept that we are # 8220 ; sanctuaries of the Holy Spirit # 8221 ; and as a result of that benefit, we have an obligation to deal with ourselves as well as other people non as articles however as people, God # 8217 ; s human presences. Another quality in Christian love is regard. Regard is a demonstration of giving curious joining in or thought to a person. All individuals merit respect. An individual # 8217 ; s life partner especially has the right to be held in high regard. In Jesus # 8217 ; picture, we are called to regard others and ourselves, which is something that precedes truly adoring individual. At the point when you love individual, you regard their goals, convictions, and needs. A closing quality in an adoration that is virtuous is discretion. Abstinence is restriction practiced more than one # 8217 ; s ain urges, feelings, or wants. Since we are disciples of Jesus, the proper thing to make is to be loyal to Him. What's more, to look to move dependent on the benefit of everyone of others and ourselves. My character is best improved by develop and capable connections by seting out endeavor. It includes a deep rooted way of partner to other people. Furthermore, there are wagess to populating a pure life, for example, a feeling of genuine opportunity and felicity since I am partner evenhandedly to other people. My character is brought out through significant well disposed connections, being an informed individual, and by being individual that individuals can regard for keeping my property on something that is of import to me. In choice, by holding right associations with God and others we can remain constant harmony. Genuine harmony accompanies keeping a solid parity. A sentiment of good being and happiness alongside extraordinary felicity can be accomplished while endeavoring refusal, respect, and obligation.

Saturday, August 22, 2020

Project Management Methodologies

Question: Depict about preamble to Agile and scrum method. Answer: Programming relationship, for example, Agile offer response for different business substances went facing with undertaking progression challenges. Deft is an association structure which impels coordination among the representatives, awards dynamic oversight and change inside a connection utilizing its speculations. The explanation of this paper assessments usage of Agile in Valpak association. This paper looks at the sort of progress frameworks utilized as a bit of Valpak and their last things. It examines the technique, applications and how it has lead the progression and development of Valpak. Here the intelligent assessment of Valpak cascade affiliation. Valpak Case Valpak Direct Marketing Systems, Inc., all around proposed as Valpak, is an exhibiting affiliation that is constrained by Cox Target Media, Inc. Valpak gives print, advantageous and sends coupons to the home. Valpak was one of the basic relationship to satisfactorily execute Scaled Agile structures (Waardenburg, and Vliet, 2013). Leader of the affiliation was Agile position supporter. It was crucial for Valpak for the ground-breaking Agile move. Deft isn't simply constrained to IT Department of the affiliation. It is an overall population that could be joined to the whole affiliation. It is the best methodology to move toward meanders. Right when then whole alliance goes formed, whole connection talks a similar tongue and all divisions are in a state of congruity about the work. This good conditions the connection. Valpak was a champion among the most dependable adopters of the Scaled Agile structures. In this change to scaled dexterous structures, change is mentioned at each level say social event, undertaking and portfolio levels. Valpak utilized both scrum and Kanban Agile movements in the alliance (Gandomani et al 2013). Scrum was utilized for common formative work like creation try starting with no outside assistance or adding fragments to an undertaking adventure. Kanban was utilized for strategies that grow more with respect to stream that depicted cycles like keep up equipment and things inside the business. For example, association coupons like contamination fixes utilized Kanban since they can't be made as a social occasion thing and madeb to meet the components of the run. Valpak utilized structure Kanban to arrange, and acknowledge particularly intertwined structures over all social occasions and tasks (Dingsyr, 2013). Building undertakings are the colossal progression practices bas ic to make portfolio answer for help present and future business needs of the relationship out of luck. Wellsprings of building experiences are: Mergers or acquisitions, where one two affiliations join into one increasingly vital connection. This requires combination of two working design undertakings. Alliance may utilize increasingly in the current style degrees of progress for including the advantages of the more dynamic turn of events, or if the current foundation in the connection is obsolete (Paasivaara, Durasiewicz and Lassenius, 2008, August). Restrictions and they may include: Performance and Scalability deterrents. Association may need to develop their thing execution and scale up the endeavor. In this condition, at that point the current plans may be insufficient to meet the requesting. Connection can get or grow new reactions for zone every last one of the constrainments that the association has been facing. A whiteboard can be utilized to follow the movement of Architectural undertakings. A table tends to the current status of every fundamental epic, regardless of whether it is in early engineering stage, plan stage or in any change stage. Valpak has utilized another kind of Kanban for their portfolio association. Portfolio Kanban was utilized to engineer, sort out and deal with a game-plan of business stories. Business legends are simply are attempts. In Scaled Agile structures tries are believed to be business undertakings. Purposes imperative to Valpak for utilizing portfolio Kanban are recorded underneath: Transparency is the best preferred perspective that has skiped out at Valpak for utilizing the portfolio Kanban. It helped in absolutely detectable basic development overabundance. Divisions are not working away offices for their little scope meanders. Work in Progress cutoff points can be set to stay away from assessment loss of development. Valpak portrayed an undertaking as specialty unit which fulfills the going with models: at least three runs of exertion. At least three agile social events that were basic to organize and has a wide business section respect/effect on the undertaking (Chuang, Luor and Lu, 2014). Valpak utilized physical sheets comprehensively to follow the progress of the undertakings. It was a key gadget for achievement formed change Sprint achievements and run objectives were the reports utilized. Skilled change was not a short-term change. Valpak was a common cascade shop with the ordinary cascade issues, for example, missed dates, a significant proportion of unconstrained work, business and IT strategy issues, and so on. There were different assorted issues that were not recorded. The focal endeavor at speedy emitting an impression of being silly, normal application that made them cheat with Scrum sufficiently just to be dangerous. This first endeavor was never practiced by the affiliation. The objective of executing Agile approachs from the lesser staff people never suffered since every individual had grasped to their game plan of programming creation.making every individual to respond to the new system was problematic without the support of the senior Valpak officials.they expected to show compassion for the gathering to get to the new course of action of Agile and Scrum reasoning. Designing legends are wide advancement programming used as a piece of arrangement of portfolio answers for support advancing and future exercises. It is a developmental advancement made by Agile programming affiliation. Basic legends is an endeavor remembering all necessities for portfolio answers for youngster the future needs (Bellomo and Woody, 2012). An overall made compositional stories are specified and administered inside the portfolio excess. Where site is the aftereffect of made structure epic kanban system. Compositional epic encounters a couple of methodology after use to demonstrate basic outcomes. The completed consequences of the compositional epic depends on upon the general economy and the degree of business development. Structure epic is driven by four unique components inside the degree of an endeavor. These forces join the kind of new thing and the open, assortments in advancement which has sway on compound organizations, the kind of building driven challenges and neutralizing activity of strange condition of hypotheses. Valpak pulled together and started expecting to change the whole association. Both the president and the CIO mixed what the future state would take after (Stavru, 2014). One on one get-togethers were held in which the senior force tuned in to the burdens and issues of the staff and began to create accept all through the alliance. That is what is considered as a not all that awful beginning for such huge change. After different attempts and blended outcomes, there was as yet an enormous measure of anxiety over executing proficient. The action pack said we ought to basically try it, and a brief timeframe later the trip started with no turn around at any rate they expected to face two or three impediments. After the concealed pilot attempt fizzled, the action assemble seriously went all in instead of trying the regular pilot pack framework once more. As Stephanie depicted it, they tore the Band-Aid off quick and have the greater part of the social events experienced the change then, rather than at various time distributions. They place resources into arranging over the whole alliance and revamp the relationship around eight spry social affairs. They got deft and inserted them with the social affair to help in the change. He was fused for over 8 months. 3-4 days for consistently on region. Agile remarkableness social gatherings were composed each month. These were review of overviews. It was a social advancement in the connection and this improvement mentioned/needed sponsorship from the action and proceeded with help and associations expect to get the change. Key achievement factors in agile change are recorded underneath: Top-down sponsorship with base up drive. There should again from top level to attempt the dexterous systems. Everybody from the base level like originators, official, pack drives ought to be persuaded to create and get the change, It was key for Valpak to use a free agile guide, Continued sponsorship consistently to help and help with change and Senior association responsibility. Consequences of changing to Agile are recorded underneath: More urgent association center Easier association of IT assets (Martini, Bosch, and Chaudron, 2014). This was master by having submitted scrum social occasions to deal with meanders two affiliations taking after deft and cascade may increase a thing same time term. In any case, it ought to be seen that the affiliation taking after Agile structure can offer thing with better code quality, since adaptable can deal with the developments a lot speedier when stood apart from the cascade framework (Yu, and Petter, 2014). Plan and made effort. Since all get-togethers began taking after deft, social occasions are supported adjusted and coordinated better over past. Better authority capability and affirmation is watched. Passing on increasingly unremitting worth to the clients as demonstrated by their taste and tendency. Transparency and straightforwardness broadened. Responsiveness and additivity was habituated by the individuals in the affiliation. Programming quality was propelled (Martini, Bosch and Chaudron, 2014). This is considering the way that in deft QA bundles work with makers pair a

Saturday, August 15, 2020

Fellowship Charles B. Rangel International Affairs Program COLUMBIA UNIVERSITY - SIPA Admissions Blog

Fellowship Charles B. Rangel International Affairs Program COLUMBIA UNIVERSITY - SIPA Admissions Blog The 2015 Rangel International Affairs Graduate Fellowship competition is open.   They are looking for college seniors or graduates who want to begin their two-year graduate programs in fall 2015; not those who are already in a program.   You must also be a U.S. citizen. The Rangel Program will expand this year to offer 30 fellowships, up from 20 last year. The Rangel Fellowship will provide up to $21,500 per year for tuition and mandatory fees to each fellow’s institution, $16,000 annual stipends for other educational and living expenses.   The program will also arrange internships   on Capitol Hill and at U.S. embassies, and provides mentorship and professional development support. The Fellowship welcomes applications from individuals who want to make a difference in the world through service as Foreign Service Officers in the U.S. Department of State. Information and application materials can be found at Application Deadline: January 14, 2015 Finalists selected by the end of February Fellows selected by mid-March

Sunday, May 24, 2020

Aldous Huxley s Brave New World - 1660 Words

â€Å"Pursuit of happiness is a pursuit of mirage; you only realize it s a delusion at the end of the road† (â€Å"Quotes about Mirage†). Undeniably, the quest of perpetual happiness bares an ancient path that allures pursuers with the promise of vanished pain. As one follows this trail of faded footsteps, their vision of reality soon becomes blurred by their dreams of prosperity. Thus, this enduring road guides one into the deep waters of oblivion where their mind becomes flooded with the whispers of fantasies. In Aldous Huxley’s novel, Brave New World, the cost of this everlasting happiness is questioned as it is freely given to one in exchange for their perception of the definite truth. The novel opens in the Central London Hatchery and Conditioning Centre, a utilitarian factory that artificially produces human beings. The sole objective of this laboratory is to create a stable world where the only emotion experienced by its’ subjects is abiding elation . However, this imposed societal idea leaves the citizens of the State in a world of fiction. The novel Brave New World, exhibits the creation of fictitious euphoria through the concealment of history, development of social conditioning, and advancement of science. The imprisonment of past memories aids in the construction of fabricated happiness within the minds of the characters. The extinction of religion creates a deep void within the mind that results in the characters losing their sense of ambition. This is portrayed whenShow MoreRelatedAldous Huxley s Brave New World1334 Words   |  6 Pageso read Aldous Huxley’s Brave New World is to understand the fear for the future during the 1930’s. Widely considered ahead of its time, Brave New World is one of the most influential novels regarding the destructive outcome of genetic and public manipulation through regime control. The story contrasts two worlds: the traditional world where the â€Å"savages† reside and the new World State: a negative utopia where unrestrained sexual freedom, reproductive technology, and mind numbing drugs run rampantRead MoreAldous Huxley s Brave New World1329 Words   |  6 PagesIn Aldous Huxley, Brave New World, life is peaceful without any rebellion from its citizens. The society is called ‘The World State’, where scientist can finally produce eggs, without women getting pregnant. As a result, there is no such thing as a â€Å"family†, and the word ‘Mother’ and ‘Father’ are consider as obscene. â€Å". . . the loathsomeness and moral obliquity of childbearing –– merely gross, a scatological rather than a pornographic impropriety† (Huxley 159). They use the Bokanovsky Process, inRead MoreAldous Huxley s Brave New World1080 Words   |  5 PagesComplete Control† Today, one s perceptions of happiness are more often than not associated with material achievements, advancements, or perhaps, love. In Brave New World, however, happiness is based upon the pursuit of stability and emotional equilibrium Aldous Huxley s dystopian novel, Brave New World serves as a warning of the ominous. Set in London, the totalitarian regime instills the motto of stability, community, [and] identity(Huxley.1.1) in its citizens. Huxley s dystopia attempts to findRead MoreAldous Huxley s Brave New World Essay1800 Words   |  8 PagesAccording to Webster’s New World Dictionary, bravery is â€Å"possessing or exhibiting courage or courageous endurance† (Agnes 178). Oftentimes, people are commended for acts of bravery they complete in the heat of a moment or overcoming a life-changing obstacle. Rarely one is commended for simply living a brave life, facing challenges they do not even understand. The characters in the Aldous Huxley’s Brave New Wor ld live a peculiar lifestyle demonstrating bravery for just breathing. Although Huxley’sRead MoreAldous Huxley s A Brave New World1649 Words   |  7 PagesAldous Huxley has presented us a compelling story in the 20th-century called a Brave New World. One of the most notable dystopian novels, it calls for a reader to conceptualize a world, in which society and science are synonymous with each other, history had faded far into obscurity, and Henry Ford, the creator of the assembly line, becomes a deity to many uniformed individuals. The book was about how humans are no longer created by the conventional means of mating, rather artificially, throughRead MoreAldous Huxley s Brave New World1904 Words   |  8 PagesAldous Huxley’s Brave New World, published in 1932, is a masterpiece of science fiction. His imagined, dystopian state creatively employs facts and theories of science, as well as his very own thinly-veiled commentary on the future of society. His family backg round and social status, in addition to molding Huxley himself and his perspective, no doubt made impact on his writing and contributed to the scientific accuracy of his presentation. However, Huxley certainly qualifies as a social commenterRead MoreAldous Huxley s Brave New World1564 Words   |  7 Pages Envision a world where everybody is happy, there is no sorrow or suffering, no fear of death, no misery, everything is pleasant, and the government doles out happy pills, known as Soma. Aldous Huxley’s novel â€Å"Brave New World† describes this world. Is everyone truly happy, and what do the citizens sacrifice in exchange for living in this utopia? Huxley helped shape the modern mind with provocative theories about humankind s destiny, and he was concerned with the possible social and moral implicationsRead MoreAldous Huxley s Brave New World1038 Words   |  5 PagesAldous Huxley, the author of Brave New World, portrays a World State that has made consumption one of its centerpieces. Economic stability is essential to the effectiveness of the World State. They are brainwashed by advertisements and organizations that make them feel as though they are free. The people within the World State continuously consume because of the conditioning they obtained when they were younger. They are educated that when an object or good is in need of fixing, they must get ridRead MoreAldous Huxley s Brave New World2645 Words   |  11 PagesTimes: Aldous Huxley was born into a family of renowned scientists in 1894. He lost his mother at age 14, became virtually blind due to illness three years later, and lost his older brother to suicide at age 21. Despite these setbacks, he went back to school after dropping out of Eton and earned a degree in English literature from Oxford. Because of his blindness, he was not able to do the scientific research he had previously wanted to do, and turned to writing. He wrote Brave New World in fourRead MoreAldous Huxley s Brave New World2041 Words   |  9 Pagesâ€Å"I wanted to change the world. But I have found that the only thing one can be sure of changing is oneself†- Aldous Huxley. Throughout Aldous Huxley’s life he encountered malicious experiences that changed him drastically. He found out that he was a great writer through the dreadful and exceptional events in his life. In the novel Brave New World, Huxley uses conflict and characterization to illustrate how the adv ancement of technology can potentially cause human destruction and how individual motivation

Wednesday, May 13, 2020

Assess the significance of the theories of change discussed by Kent and Omar (2003) and Fernie et al (2003) Free Essay Example, 1500 words

131077 â€Å"Patterns of day to day travel by consumers result from the spatial layout of society. Conversely, these intricate patterns of movement are important agents in affecting the spatial structure of society, † Huff, 1960, p. 159 from Potter (1982, p. 1). Retailing, in the unrecognisably altered, globalised present economy, has changed, is changing and evolving every moment with an unprecedented speed. It is not particularly easy to conceptualise this change with all its confusing dimensions; but study and research in this direction could be interesting and useful and definitely not an exceedingly difficult task. Such studies depend on the assumption that these public spaces are part of the bigger picture and indicators of values and identities. â€Å"What we would assert, however, is that notwithstanding these complexities, it is possible at a given moment of time to investigate the manner in which particular public spaces such as shopping centres not merely reflect but play an active role in the objectification and thereby in the transformation of the values and identities of shoppers, † Miller et al (1998, p. 193. Even though constant technology updating is the root cause of many changes, present and future, both, there is a firm opinion that advances in technology and e-commerce will have no effect on retailing, which, does not look acceptable at the moment. We will write a custom essay sample on Assess the significance of the theories of change discussed by Kent and Omar (2003) and Fernie et al (2003) or any topic specifically for you Only $17.96 $11.86/pageorder now â€Å"With each successive development in communications technology comes a corresponding leap in the number of ideas with which it requires us to cope, † says Douglas Rushkoff, in Markham (1998. p. 220). Retailing had always been a contributor and a pointer of the social landscape and a measurable standard of economic and social trends and evolutions. Retailing and its changes cannot be studied in isolation of the social demography. â€Å"†¦retailing exerts considerable influence on the morphology and functioning of Western cities†¦. Retail change has occurred in the context of wide-ranging socio-economic trends, † Bromley and Thomas (1993, pp. 2-3). Today’s changes are controlled by the fact that world has reduced into a global village and distances do not mean any great disadvantage in the present world. Today, working hours and their limitations have paled into insignificance and services are available all over the world at any moment of time or day. â€Å"Once customers were no longer constrained by the tyranny of distance, the retail structure underwent an explosion of new forms and specializations† Jones and Simmons forecasted in 1990 (p. 449).

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

Discussions / Technology Management Operations Free Essays

Project management is an essential process that should be applied in operations in a company to ensure success leading to quality improvements. Toyota has practiced project management in most projects or initiatives carried out. In most cases, workers have been encouraged to carryout self tests when carrying out a given duty to ensure product conformity. We will write a custom essay sample on Discussions / Technology Management Operations or any similar topic only for you Order Now Toyota Company has carried out various statistical tests such as chi-square, hypothesis tests and came up with multiple regression tests to analyze the fitness of a new brand in the market (Tata Interactive Systems, n. d). Moreover, Toyota Company has trained its employees regularly to ensure they are the required expertise to achieve a continuous quality improvement in the company translating to improved customer satisfaction and cost efficiency production. TPS has been used as a potential through which improved quality productions can be achieved (Toyota Motor Corporation, 1998). Project Management concepts and their Applications in the workplace Toyota Production Systems (TPS) has been used as a way through which development can be achieved amongst people working in the global manufacturing arena. Toyota motor manufacturing Canada (TMMC) based their management processes on wise decision-making to ensure quality productions and continuous improvements (Johnson, n. d). TMMC has localized most of its operations to ensure increased market reachability and reliability through long-term relationship with its customers leading to increased profitability and market leadership in automobile productions. TMMC has developed strategies through which quality improvements can be achieved in the organization. TMMC has formed joint ventures with other companies to ensure profitability through shared responsibilities leading enhanced competitive advantage and sustainability in the market (Toyota’s driving force Baseline, 2006). TMMC that came up with the TPS as an initiative through which continuous quality production can be achieved in Toyota Company. TPS has been used for restructuring the production processes in the automobile companies leading to increased efficiency and effectiveness (Johnson, n. d). TMMC has used a just-in-time management system where production patterns are based on specific orders on demand to ensure no wastage of resources through reduced inventories and defects in production (Toyota Motor Corporation, 1998). Just-in-time production management system will be used in the company to eliminate non-value adding processes leading to reduced lead-time and increased customer satisfaction. TPS emphasizes on employee empowerment not necessarily through freedom but also through trainings, collaborations or joint ventures and to facilitate communication amongst stakeholders. Top management introduced new initiatives to the company upon approval by the internal stakeholders as a way through which the new project can be communicated and made visible in a company. Toyota Company implemented performance metrics through which business operations could be monitored to ensure cost efficiency (Johnson, n. d). In Toyota company, a flexibility system have used that emphasizes on continuous assessment of production operations to identify any defects and therefore find out the necessary remedies in time to avoid wastage of resources leading to improved productions (Toyota Motor Corporation, 1998). Performance levels have been assessed to ensure the right expertise required for any production is achieved to meet customer requirements. Quality performance standards have been set where workers monitor themselves by comparing quality of their productions with others in the company to ensure it conforms to the required standards (Toyota Motor Corporation, 1998). Workers have been encouraged to respond to presence of an error or defect in a product development phase positively to make the necessary decisions on how to go about it for example by using Six Sigma or multiple regression tests to ensure customer satisfaction. You have to identify possible causes of a problem, possible consequences and ways through which they can be reduced without incurring a lot of losses. In Toyota Company training is very essential and they consider this as a way through which employee empowerment can be achieved leading to improved productions to ensure success through improved customer satisfaction for example through asking yourself the why questions as you design a system (Toyota Motor Corporation, 1998). Toyota has encouraged interaction amongst its employees to harmonize the multicultural differences leading to dedicated teamwork towards achieving common company goals. TPS use in the company was aimed at proving a lasting solution to the critical threats in the production or product development life cycle in a cost effective way. Toyota has always carried out customer awareness tests for their products in the market by designing simulated designs and testing for product fitness in the market using a chi-square test (Tata Interactive Systems, n. d). Toyota has made various versions of simulated designs and carried out numerous regression tests to ensure a product is accepted in the market. The various simulated design versions is a potential way through which customer satisfaction can be easily achieved and in the same way new products will be easily developed through the different versions by simply making little improvements. Toyota has always carried out different tests such as chi-square in different places in the world to determine the brand fitness in the market depending on how many people are aware of it (Johnson, n. d). Conclusion Toyota is a very successful automobile manufacturing company in the global arena. Toyota has managed well its projects by carrying out different tests based on its products awareness and fitness in the market. Toyota has carried out multiple regression tests of its new products using simulated product designs developed in the markets to ensure customer satisfaction (Tata Interactive Systems, n. d). Employees have been encouraged to produce as many designs as possible to help them meet customer requirements. The employees are to asks themselves the why questions severally on every design produced that does not meet customer specifications to find possible solutions based on the decision made with the available information collected (Toyota’s driving force Baseline, 2006). Reference: Johnson, W.H.A. (n.d.). Toyota Motor Manufacturing Company Canada (TMMC): The Lexus RX 330 Line. Waltham, MA: Department of Management, Bentley College. [Viewed on 27th June 2009] Available at Tata Interactive Systems (n.d.). Research methods for managerial decisions. [Viewed on 27th June 2009] Available at Toyota’s driving force Baseline. (2006). [Viewed on 27th June 2009] Available at Toyota Motor Corporation. (1998). The Toyota production system. [Viewed on 27th June] Available at How to cite Discussions / Technology Management Operations, Essays

Monday, May 4, 2020

Ritual primitive form of theatre Essay Example For Students

Ritual primitive form of theatre? Essay This issue interested me because of its historical aspect and I felt like I could use my knowledge in pre historic material in favour of writing this essay. I started by looking for exact definition for ritual, I found out that although I could find books that try to define theatre and ritual, most of them end up in dead end. If there was a definition it didnt cover the broad range of rituals.  Oscar G. Brockett in his book The History of the Theatre has few examples of what rituals may have been used for. Ritual may have been a form of knowledge. It might be the way to pass knowledge and preserve it before written language was invented. Rituals may be intended to influence certain events like the rainfall or the change of the seasons. They are often performed to glorify a supernatural power, victory in hunting or in a war. And finally rituals may entertain or give pleasure. As those examples show rituals are used widely and in very varied occasions and purposes and that makes the difference between ritual and theatre very difficult to define. Despite the fact that the difference between ritual and theatre is hard to define many historians have tried to explain how theatre became into existence. One might have suggested that theatre evolved from ritual or from storytelling or perhaps they both slowly side by side became their own way of expressing ideas and emotions or what ever was necessary at the time. I originally thought that rituals were the starting points for theatre. Now that I have read about the different theories about its origins I have found myself wondering about the other possibilities. But as Oscar G. Brockett recognises there is a problem not only because it is hard to define theatre from ritual but because of lack of written evidence.  In seeking to describe the origin of theatre, the historian must rely heavily upon theory, since reliable evidence is lacking. To answer the question how did the theatre come into existence? he must try to imagine a time before there were theatrical elements, and then theorise about how they may have been discovered (The history of the theatre 1986, 1,2) Perhaps story telling was the original source of theatre? Although the theory about ritual being the original source for theatre is popular one can easily imagine how theatre may have developed from storytelling. As stories were told to entertain or to educate people they became well known and the ones telling them started acting first with their face and their hands, but finally with their whole body. But would that be theatre or ritual? Stories would have been educational and entertaining but could that be identified to be theatrical performance? Theatre evolved alongside ritual, this theory is more recent and has many weaknesses. It suggests that theatre and ritual were different from the beginning and the difference for example in some African culture was basically the audience. Rituals were performed in the night to the gods and theatre then performed at daytime for amusement to the whole village wearing different costumes. The obvious weakness of that theory is the fact that if theatre were performed ritual at night-time to the gods, where did the demand for public performance come from? They must have had a ritual that people wanted to see, or a theatre performance that they thought that gods might get amusement out of. So either theatre or ritual must have been first in order to develop the demand for the other. Finally the most common theory is that ritual is the primitive form of theatre. Anthropologists are the first who started to study the origins of the theatre in the late 19th century led by Sir James Frazer and popularised the idea of theatre developing from ritual. One theory suggested that since primitive humans couldnt comprehend the powers of nature they developed rituals in order to have control over them. But as their society became more sophisticated they left the religious context and so rituals became theatre as it was performed out of its religious context. This theory has its weaknesses as well, since these scholars thought that all cultures go through same cultural stages in history. As we look at culture around the world one can clearly see that every culture develops on individual unique way. I have noticed that as I arrived to a new culture here in England and so will anyone who might visit a country with different geographical location or culture.